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High cholesterol: the foods to avoid

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Hypercholesterolemia, or excess cholesterol in the blood, is a condition that today afflicts more than 20% of the Italian population aged 35 and over. In recent times there has been an exponential increase in obesity on a global level, especially that of children. Italy is not saved from the trend, since according to estimates half of the Italians are in a state of overweight, due not only to the adoption of an improper diet, but also to the increase in the sedentary lifestyle. High cholesterol, however, is not only caused by food consumed: other factors come into play, including genetic abnormalities, thyroid diseases, diabetes, cigarette smoking, and even stress.

Food, although not the only one responsible for high cholesterol, plays a fundamental role in the health of the body, especially in people who are at risk. In fact, those who already suffer from hypercholesterolemia must absolutely avoid introducing cholesterol through the diet and prefer low-fat foods. Even those who are not at risk should keep their diet under control and avoid the consumption of cholesterol-rich foods, to prevent the onset of very serious and debilitating, if not fatal, diseases.

The diet for high cholesterol provides for the elimination of all foods known to be rich in saturated fatty acids, such as red meat, sausages, meats and especially offal. Even the consumption of eggs should be reduced drastically, considering that many industrial products contain this food and contribute to increase the level of cholesterol in the blood. The same goes for milk, especially whole milk, and all its derivatives such as butter, aged cheeses, cream and whole yoghurt.

No food of animal origin is saved from cholesterol: even molluscs and crustaceans are in fact potentially dangerous, as are fatty fish. Better to opt for blue fish, which contains less cholesterol and is rich in Omega 3. Other foods to avoid when you have high cholesterol are refined products, which can increase blood sugar and trigger the so-called metabolic syndrome, especially white bread industrial and table sugar. Absolutely avoid the spirits, which contribute to increase the level of cholesterol in the blood. The wine, however, can be consumed in moderation thanks to its beneficial contribution of antioxidants. Bad news for fried lovers: despite the oils of plant origin are not harmful to health, inadequate frying can cause the formation of free radicals. Without considering that some oils rich in hydrogenated fats, such as palm oil, can alter cholesterol metabolism.

Are you in doubt about which diet to follow for hypercholesterolemia? Here is a gallery that shows you what not to eat in case of high cholesterol!

3 ways to stop coughing at night and go back to sleep

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Cough and cold do not give you respite and the night awake the whole family? Here are 3 remedies for nocturnal cough.

The winter months, as we know, are characterized by chimneys, fleece, coats, Christmas and by the dear and little-loved influence.
Obviously this comes in different shapes and essences, year by year. Beyond the high fevers, vomiting and diarrhea (not annoying), cold, ear and throat, there is a symptom that is equally annoying: the cough. Coughing attacks are a terrible nuisance, especially if it’s nighttime and your family would like to sleep rather than attend a concert. Here then are 3 remedies against this nocturnal annoyance, which favor one of the main enemies of influenza: rest. And in video here are other precious enemies of the flu, look:

1. The position in which you sleep

It would be the case not to sleep completely relaxed. Support your torso with pillows before going to sleep and try to rest on more than one pillow. In this way you will prevent the mucus from returning to your throat when you are lying down during the night. Moreover, in a supine position the breathing would be even more difficult! So, off to the reclining cushion.

2. Herbal teas and gargle before going to bed

There are a number of excellent herbal teas to reduce the effects of cough and calm it. One is clearly that of ginger. But also herbal tea with licorice root, always accompanied by a healthy spoonful of honey. Even chocolate can be an excellent remedy for coughs. Taking these herbal teas before going to bed could make the rest much easier. It can also help gargle with salt water. If you are congested and coughing, salt water gargles can help loosen the phlegm in the airways. As? Simple: mix a teaspoon of salt in 240 ml of hot water to completely dissolve it, taking care not to swallow the substance, gargle for about 15 seconds, then spit and repeat. Finally rinse the mouth with water.

3. A shower before going to sleep

What to do before going to bed? Another method to promote rest is a simple hot shower. In fact, before going to bed, it will be good for the dry airways to plunge into a steam bath and absorb the humidity in the room before going to sleep. Obviously if you suffer from asthma, the steam can make cough worse, in which case it would be advisable to avoid this little advice! A treat: always keep a glass of water on the bedside table, in this way, if you wake up for a cough during the night, you can free the throat by drinking a long drink of water

We anticipate the influence by fighting it with sports, healthy environments and ad hoc foods:

The 8 diseases to pay more attention to after 60 years

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What does it mean to be afraid of getting old? Certainly, it is a fear of incurring that series of diseases typical of the over sixties. In reality, however, more than a risk of illness, the elderly are more subject to a decrease in the so-called homeostatic capacity, or the ability to resist changes, maintaining a condition of internal balance.

In short, the elderly are struggling to return to good general health after having contracted any disease. What are the most common diseases after the age of 60?

60 years? Here are the diseases to watch out for

Among the diseases that most affect the elderly – and predominantly the female gender – we find:

  • Osteoporosis – Pathology that causes a decrease in bone tissue, causing pain especially in the spine, with greater exposure to the risk of fracture.
  • Respiratory diseases – These include asthma, pneumonia (since the deterioration of defense systems due to age increases its probability of incidence), and chronic
  • bronchitis (caused by the succession of numerous attacks by the respiratory system). The alterations of the respiratory system can be very dangerous for the elderly and, for this reason, it is essential that they are constantly subjected to control visits and that they follow appropriate therapy.
  • Arteriosclerosis – Pathology that is characterized by the accumulation of material (mainly lipids) in correspondence of the arterial vessels, causing disturbances to the circulatory system.
  • Diabetes mellitus – Condition characterized by a pathological increase in blood glucose concentration. Responsible for this phenomenon is an absolute and relative defect of insulin, hormone secreted from the islands of Langherhans of the pancreas, essential for the metabolism of sugars.
  • Myocardial infarction – Myocardial infarction is a necrosis of the cardiac musculature, caused by the occlusion of a large, medium or small caliber coronary artery. The most frequent site of the infarct is in the left area of ​​the heart, in correspondence of the area sprayed by the descending branch of the left coronary artery.
  • Tumors – Especially in the lung, prostate, breast, colorectal, bladder, stomach and pancreas.

The most common neurological diseases fall into the category of dementias, which consist in the loss of cognitive skills as a result of a neurodegenerative process and, among these, those that unfortunately predominantly affect the elderly are Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. In particular:

  • Parkinson’s disease – It is a degenerative disease that affects the central nervous system, specifically the subcortical area, and leads to the death of all cells that release dopamine.
  • Alzheimer’s disease – Form of progressive dementia, which affects the subcortical area and leads to the slow destruction of all the cognitive abilities of the affected subject, to the point of preventing him from carrying out even the most basic actions. This is considered a typical senile disease and is characterized by the presence of clusters and plaques inside the brain and for the loss of connection between neurons. The triggering causes of the pathology are not entirely clear but would seem to be linked to environmental, genetic and lifestyle factors. Surely, however, a balanced diet and a stimulating social environment can help us not to be affected by the disease (or at least to slow down its onset).

How to prevent diseases of old age

To increase the likelihood of a peaceful and healthy old age, it is useful to pay attention to the prevention advice of experts in the field.

First of all, the importance of a healthy and balanced diet should not be underestimated, which should include a daily protein intake of at least 1 / 1.2 grams per kg of weight and a constant presence of fruit and vegetables.

In addition, we should maintain a fair intake of salt and sugar in meals and, of fundamental importance, it is necessary to drink a lot of water even if, with the passage of time, the stimulation of thirst tends to decrease. Everything must then be accompanied by a correct physical activity. And remember that old age is still the only system that has been found to live long!

The secrets to overcome the fear of the dentist

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The fear of the dentist haunts us since childhood and does not seem to abandon us even in adulthood. At the sight of the dentist and his equipment there arises an uncontrolled state of anxiety and tension, often accompanied by a feeling of general malaise – like nausea and loss of consciousness – which at worst may be the harbinger of a real phobia, known as odontophobia. Let’s see what it is.

Why is the dentist so scared?

Compared to other professional medical figures, that of the dentist incites an exaggeratedly greater panic in the patient. Why does it happen? Here are some reasons that could justify these unpleasant moods:

  • Past experience – A negative experience in dental surgery can significantly affect the present and future mood of the patient, even at the sight of a new dentist.
  • Waiting Room – The waiting room is the first environment we come into contact with. Often it is a particularly quiet room, without furniture, poorly lit, with walls covered with posters that show unpleasant images of teeth and mouths affected by particular diseases.
  • Surgery – After the waiting room you enter the clinic, a place full of strange equipment with unknown functions, where the chair that will host the patient is the host. It is precisely the armchair that generates a strong negative emotional state in
  • the subject: being lying down, undergoing the dentist’s care without having control of their pain, amplifies the state of anxiety.
  • Dentist – One of the main causes of the patient’s emotional state is the figure of the dentist who, especially in past times, regardless of the subject’s mood and his pain threshold, began to operate without discussing doubts or fears. Fortunately, this does not happen (almost) anymore.
  • Personal Attitude – Personal moods, as well as periods of particular stress, can greatly affect sessions at the dentist.

How to overcome the fear of the dentist?

Like all fears, even that of the dentist can be overcome. Here are some simple precautions to live dental chairs with more confidence:

  • Choice of dentist – Opt for a dentist who is not limited to working on the patient but who tries to establish a dialogue with him, trying to understand the pain threshold of the subject, for example asking him to raise his hand when he feels pain or asks the patient permission to continue, giving him the opportunity to take breaks from time to time.
  • Choice of the surgery – Opt for pleasant and non-dismal environments, perhaps with background music and images on the walls that go beyond the medical world. When choosing the clinic, it is advisable to inquire about the equipment and sedatives available to choose the one that best meets your needs.
  • State of mind – Always go to the dentist accompanied by a trusted person who is not afraid of the dentist. Ask the dentist to listen to music or watch TV during operations. Remember that current dental procedures are much less traumatic than pain that can cause a toothache.
  • Consult a psychologist – If despite the precautions listed above your fear for the dentist persists, you may be suffering from a real phobia (odontophobia). In these cases it is good to consult a psychologist to find a method to better face the next dental sessions.

Mistakenly, many avoid preventive dental care just to stem the fear of the dentist. Let’s not forget the importance of prevention: periodic dental visits will ensure an optimal state, to detect the presence of certain diseases such as diabetes and heart disease, as well as to better face future visits to the dentist, without fear!

Elderly: 9 tips to protect your health

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Here’s how to protect our health during aging.

As we age, we know that some health problems may arise. Fortunately, it is possible to prevent these problems, and to do this it is enough to put in place some healthy behaviors. Let’s find out together which is:

  • Stop smoking: smoking causes cancer, stroke and heart failure, leads to erectile dysfunction in men and causes of atherosclerosis and wrinkles on the skin, as well as many other diseases not to be underestimated.
  • Keep yourself physically active: doing sports every day will keep you stronger, improve your balance and flexibility, as well as cardiovascular health.
  • Eat healthily: many diseases, such as heart disease, obesity, hypertension, type 2 diabetes and osteoporosis, can be prevented or controlled simply by changing diet and doing sports regularly.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight: excess weight increases the risk of developing heart disease, diabetes and high blood pressure.
  • Preventing falls and injuries: remember that as we age we become more vulnerable to falls and injuries
  • Prevent skin cancer: protect skin from the sun by applying the appropriate cream regularly and following these tips
  • Undergo regular dental check-ups, sight and hearing
  • Learn how to manage stress, so as to improve your physical and psychological well-being
  • Continue to make love: the advancing age is not a valid reason to limit your sexual activity.

Do not forget it!