Mud therapy is a treatment that is carried out using thermal mud at a temperature of 45 ° -48 ° C, so as to encourage sweating and causing toxins to be eliminated. The sludge is a sludge consisting of a solid component and a liquid component and is used in mud therapy in the form of a “pack”. The solid component has an inorganic base consisting mainly of clay and an organic one represented by microflora and microfauna. In the liquid component we find both the water of the virgin mud and the mineral water in which it is matured.
The sludge action is mainly due to the osmotic effect: by applying them on the body, an insulating layer is created which increases the temperature of the skin and as a consequence the pores open to favor the penetration of the active ingredients contained in the mixture. Thanks to the heat of the mud and the vasotonic properties of the essential oils mixed in the mixture, it increases the resistance of the cell walls and contrasts the stagnation of interstitial liquids on the skin on which it is applied and it is for this reason that this type of treatment is used above all from women to fight orange peel skin.
Furthermore, the mud therapy treats diseases of the locomotor system, in particular rheumatism, cervicalgia and other degenerative forms.
The sludge, before being applied to the skin, must mature in thermal water for at least 6-12 months, so that the clay, which makes up the mud, acquires all the chemical-physical properties of the thermal water. Once the ripening process is complete, the mud is ready to be used for charity.
At the time of application, the mud temperature is estimated at around 45-50 ° C. The patient who undergoes the mud therapy is covered with slime throughout the body or in a precise body area. The session is completed after 12-15 minutes; subsequently, the mud must be removed from the skin with the help of jets of water, preferably warm. Once all the mud has been removed, a thermal bath at a temperature of 35-37 ° C is recommended. Usually, to encourage sweating and water exchange, the patient lies on a bed and is covered with a warm cloth for 15 minutes. This phase of therapy is called reaction, which is the time in which the biological reactions caused by the mud break continue. The most evident effect is the intense sweating that begins during the mud pack and continues during the reaction period.
The frequency of application of sludge should not be excessive, in fact a cycle of three compresses is enough to be done every 3-5 days. This type of treatment should be avoided in cases of epilepsy, pregnancy, menstruation and hemorrhagic ulcers.